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Pengertian dan Kumpulan Irregular Verb Lengkap Dengan Arti dan Audio

Gambar Pensil Metode
Pengertian dan Kumpulan irregular verb lengkap dengan arti dan audio – Di artikel ini kita akan membahas pengertian tentang irregular verb. Setelah itu kita akan melihat kumpulan irregular verb lengkap dengan arti dan audio.

Pengertian Irregular verb

Irregular verb adalah kata kerja yang tak beraturan. Ini berarti ada kata kerja yang beraturan (regular verb). Kata kerja yang beraturan adalah kata kerja yang verb 2 & 3 – nya ditambahkan akhiran -ed. Lihat contoh di bawah.

Gambar: perbedaan irregular dan regular verb-Pengertian dan Kumpulan irregular verb lengkap dengan arti dan audio

Dari contoh di atas kamu bisa melihat bahwa regular verb memiliki bentuk verb 2 & 3 yang sama sedangkan irregular verb adalah tidak beraturan akhiran verb 2 & 3 -nya.

Mengapa ada verb 1, 2 & 3?

Mungkin untuk kamu yang baru mempelajari Bahasa Inggris sedikit bingung mengapa dalam Bahasa Inggris verb di bagi menjadi 3.

Ada beberapa hal yang menyangkut gramatikal. Salah satunya adalah soal waktu. Dalam bahasa Inggris jika suatu kalimat beda waktunya, beda pula verb yang digunakan. 

Contoh:

  1. I sleep everyday = aku tidur setiap hari
  2. I ate yesterday = aku makan kemarin
  3. I have eaten = aku telah makan

Keterangan:

  • contoh 1 menggunakan verb 1 karena menyatakan rutinitas adalah menggunakan verb 1
  • contoh 2 menggunakan verb 2 karena menyatakan kejadian yang telah lalu menggunakan verb 2
  • contoh 3 menggunakan verb 3 karena menyatakan kejadian yang telah dilakukan menggunakan verb 3

Bagaimana cara mengetahui verb 1, 2 & 3?

Tak ada rumus, disini kamu harus menghapalnya. Tapi tenang, untuk efesiensi, hapalkan saja vocab yang sering kamu gunakan.

Kuncinya adalah semua verb adalah ditambahkan –ed diakhirnya untuk verb 2 &3. Kecuali beberapa verb yang ada di bawah ini.

 

Gunakan mode landscape atau posisikan layar menjadi horizontal untuk tampilan yang lebih baik
Verb 1Verb 2Verb 3Arti
A
arise, arose, arisenarise
arosearisenmuncul
awake, awoke, awokenawake
awokeawokenbangun
B
be , was/were, been be
was/werebeen
bear, bore, bornbear
borebornmenanggung, melahirkan
beat, beat, beatbeat
beatbeatmemukul
become, became, becomebecome
becamebecomemenjadi
befall, befell, befallenbefall
befellbefallenmenimpa
beget, begot, begottenbeget
begotbegottenmenurunkan
begin, began, begunbegin
beganbegunmulai
bend, bent, bentbend
bentbentmembengkokan/ menekuk
bereave, bereft, bereftbereave
bereftbereftkehilangan
beseech, besought, besoughtbeseech
besoughtbesoughtmemohon
bet, bet, betbet
betbetbertaruh
bid, bid, bidbid
bidbidmenawar
bind, bound, boundbind
boundboundmengikat, menjilid
bite, bit, bitten bite
bitbittenmenggigit
bleed, bled, bled bleed
bledbledberdarah, berkorban
blow, blew, blown blow
blewblownmeniup
break, broke, brokenbreak
brokebrokenmemecahkan, mematahkan
breed, bred, bredbreed
bredbredberkembang biak, membiakkan, memelihara
bring, brought, brought bring
broughtbroughtmembawa
broadcast, broadcast, broadcastbroadcast
broadcastbroadcastmenyiarkan
browbeat, browbeat, browbeatenbrowbeat
browbeatbrowbeatenmenggertak
build, built, builtbuild
builtbuiltmembangun
burn, burnt, burned, burnt, burned burn
burnt, burnedburnt, burnedmembakar
burst. burst. burstburst
burstburstmeledak
buy. bought. boughtbuy
boughtboughtmembeli
C
cast. cast. castcast
castcastmelempar, memberikan peran
catch. caught. caughtcatch
caughtcaughtmenangkap
choose. chose. chosenchoose
chosechosenmemilih
cling. clung. clungcling
clungclungberpegang teguh
come. came. comecome
camecomedatang
cost. cost. costcost
costcostberharga
creep. crept. creptcreep
creptcreptmerayap/ merangkak
cut. cut. cutcut
cutcutmemotong, menggunting
D & E
deal. dealt. dealtdeal
dealtdealtberurusan
dig. dug. dugdig
dugdugmenggali
do. did. done do
diddonemelakukan
draw .drew. drawndraw
drewdrawnmenggambar
dream. dreamt. dreamtdream
dreamtdreamtbermimpi
drink. drank. drunkdrink
drankdrunkminum
drive. drove. drivendrive
drovedrivenmengendarai
eat. ate. eateneat
ateeatenmakan
F
fall. fell. fallenfall
fellfallenjatuh
feed. fed. fedfeed
fedfedmemberi makan
feel. felt. feltfeel
feltfeltmerasakan
fight. fought. foughtfight
foughtfoughtberjuang, berkelahi
find. found. foundfind
foundfoundmenemukan
fit. fit/fitted. fit/fittedfit
fit/fittedfit/fittedmencocokkan
flee. fled. fledflee
fledfledmelarikan diri
fling. flung. flungfling
flungflungmenjebloskan
fly. flew. flownfly
flewflownterbang
forbid. forbade. forbiddenforbid
forbadeforbiddenmelarang
forecast. forecast. forecastforecast
forecastforecastmeramalkan
foresee. foresaw. foreseenforesee
foresawforeseenmaramalkan
forget. forgot. forgottenforget
forgotforgottenlupa, melupakan
forgive. forgave. forgivenforgive
forgaveforgivenmemaafkan
forgo. forwent. forgoneforgo
forwentforgonemeninggalkan kebiasaan
forsake. forsook. forsakenforsake
forsookforsakenmeninggalkan
freeze. froze. frozenfreeze
frozefrozenmembeku
G
get. got. gottenget
gotgottenmendapatkan
give .gave. givengive
gavegivenmemberi
go. went. gonego
wentgonepergi
grind. ground. groundgrind
groundgroundmenggerindra/menggiling
grow. grew. growngrow
grewgrowntumbuh
H & K
hang. hung. hunghang
hunghungmenggantung/menggantungkan
have. had. hadhave
hadhadmempunyai
hear. heard. heardhear
heardheardmendengar
hide. hid. hiddenhide
hidhiddenmenyembunyikan/bersembunyi
hit. hit. hit hit
hithitmemukul, menabrak
hold. held. heldhold
heldheldmemegang, menahan, mengadakan
hurt. hurt. hurthurt
hurthurtmenyakiti
keep. kept keptkeep
keptkeptmenjaga
kneel. knelt. kneeledkneel
knelt, kneeledknelt, kneeledberlutut
know. knew. knownknow
knewknownmengetahui
L
lay. laid. laidlay
laidlaidmeletakkan
lead. led. ledlead
ledledmemimpin
lean. leant, leaned. leant, leanedlean
leant, leanedleant, leanedmenyandarkan, bersandar
leap. leapt, leaped. leapt, leaped leap
leapt, leapedleapt, leapedlompat/ meloncat
learn. learnt, learned. learnt, learnedlearn
learnt, learnedlearnt, learnedbelajar
leave. left. leftleave
leftleftmeninggalkan
lend. lent. lentlend
lentlentmeminjamkan
let. let. letlet
letletmembiarkan
lie. lay. lainlie
laylainberbaring, berbohong
light. lit/lighted. lit/lighted light
lit/lightedlit/lightedmenerangi
lose. lost. lostlose
lostlostkehilangan, kalah
M
make. made. made make
mademademembuat
mean. meant. meantmean
meantmeantbermaksud
meet. met. metmeet
metmetbertemu
mislay. mislaid. mislaid mislay
mislaidmislaidsalah meletakkan
mislead. misled. misledmislead
misledmisledmenyesatkan
misread. misred. misredmisread
misreadmisreadsalah membaca
misspeak. misspoke. misspokenmisspeak
misspokemisspokensalah bicara
misspell. misspelt, misspelled. misspelt, misspelledmisspell
misspelt, misspelledmisspelt, misspelledsalah mengeja
misunderstand. misunderstood. misunderstoodmisunderstand
misunderstoodmisunderstoodsalah paham
mow. mowed. mown, mowedmow
mowedmown, mowedmemotong rumput
mistake. mistook. mistakenmistake
mistookmistakensalah mengira
O
offset. offset. offsetoffset
offsetoffsetmengimbangi
outbid. outbid. outbidoutbid
outbidoutbidmengalahkan dalam menawar
outdo. outdid. outdoneoutdo
outdidoutdonemengalahkan
outdraw. outdrew. outdrawnoutdraw
outdrewoutdrawnmenarik lebih banyak orang
outdrive. outdrove. outdrivenoutdrive
outdroveoutdrivenmengendarai lebih baik/lebih cepat
outfight. outfought. outfoughtoutfight
outfoughtoutfoughtmengalahkan dalam perkelahian
outgrow. outgrew. outgrown outgrow
outgrewoutgrownmenjadi lebih besar, mengatasi
output. output. outputoutput
outputoutputmenghasilkan data
outride. outrode. outriddenoutride
outrodeoutriddenmenunggangi lebih baik, cepat, dan jauh.
outrun. outran. outrunoutrun
outranoutrunberlari lebih cepat
outsell. outsold. outsoldoutsell
outsoldoutsoldmenjual lebih banyak
outshine. outshone. outshoneoutshine
outshoneoutshonelebih cemerlang/pandai
overbuild. overbuilt. overbuiltoverbuild
overbuiltoverbuiltmembangun tambahan
overcome. overcame. overcomeovercome
overcameovercomemengatasi
overdo. overdid. overdoneoverdo
overdidoverdonemelebih-lebihkan
overhang. overhung. overhungoverhang
overhungoverhungbergantung
overhear. overheard. overheard overhear
overheardoverheardmenguping
overlay. overlaid. overlaidoverlay
overlaidoverlaidmelapisi, membebani
overpay. overpaid. overpaidoverpay
overpaidoverpaidmembayar lebih banyak
override. overrode. overriddenoverride
overrodeoverriddenmengesampingkan, menolak
overrun. overran. overrunoverrun
overranoverrunmenyerbu, mengerumuni
oversee. oversaw. overseenoversee
oversawoverseenmengawasi
oversleep. overslept. oversleptoversleep
oversleptoversleptbangun kesiangan
overtake. overtook. overtakenovertake
overtookovertakenmenyusul, mengejar
overthrow. overthrew. overthrownoverthrow
overthrewoverthrownmenjatuhkan, merobohkan
P, Q & R
pay. paid. paidpay
paidpaidmembayar
prove. proved. proven, proved prove
provedproven, provedmembuktikan
put. put. putput
putputmeletakkan
quit. quit. quitquit
quitquitberhenti, meninggalkan
read. red. redread
readreadmembaca
rebind. rebound. reboundrebind
reboundreboundmenjilid kembali
rebuild. rebuilt. rebuiltrebuild
rebuiltrebuiltmembangun kembali
repay. repaid. repaidrepay
repaidrepaidmembayar kembali
rethink. rethought. rethoughtrethink
rethoughtrethoughtmemikirkan kembali
rewind. rewound. rewoundrewind
rewoundrewoundmemutar ulang
rewrite. rewrote. rewrittenrewrite
rewroterewrittenmenulis kembali
rid. rid. ridrid
ridridmembersihkan
ride. rode. riddenride
roderiddennaik, menunggang
ring. rang. rungring
rangrungberdering
rise. rose. risenrise
roserisenterbit, naik
run. ran. runrun
ranrunberlari, menjalankan
S
saw. sawed. sawn, sawedsaw
sawedsawn, sawedmenggergaji
say. said. saidsay
saidsaidmengatakan
see. saw. seensee
sawseenmelihat
seek. sought. soughtseek
soughtsoughtmencari
sell. sold. soldsell
soldsoldmenjual
send .sent. sentsend
sentsentmengirim
set. set. setset
setsetmenaruh, mengatur
sew. sewed. sewn, sewed sew
sewedsewn, sewedmenjahit
shake. shook. shookshake
shookshookmenggoncangkan, mengocok
shear. sheared. shorn, shearedshear
shearedshorn, shearedmencukur
shed. shed. shedshed
shedshedmenumpahkan
shine. shone. shoneshine
shoneshonebersinar, bercahaya
shoe. shod. shodshoe
shodshodmemasangi ladam
shoot. shot. shotshoot
shotshotmenembak
show. showed. shown, showed show
showedshown, showedmenunjukan
shrink. shrank, shrunk. shrunkshrink
shrank, shrunkshrunkmenyusut
shut. shut. shutshut
shutshutmenutup, mengunci
sing. sang. sungsing
sangsungmenyanyi
sink. sank. sunksink
sanksunkmenenggelamkan
sit. sat. satsit
satsatduduk
slay. slew. slainslay
slewslainmembunuh
sleep. slept. sleptsleep
sleptslepttidur
slide. slid. slidslide
slidslidmeluncur
sling .slung. slungsling
slungslungmenyandang
slink. slunk. slunkslink
slunkslunkmenyelinap (masuk)
slit. slit. slitslit
slitslitmenggorok, membelah
smell. smelt, smelled. smelt, smelledsmell
smelt, smelledsmelt, smelledmencium, berbau
sow. sowed. sown, sowedsow
sowedsown, sowedmenabur
speak. spoke. spokenspeak
spokespokenberbicara
speed. sped, speeded. sped, speededspeed
sped, speededsped, speededmempercepat
spell. spelt, spelled. spelt, spelledspell
spelt, spelledspelt, spelledmengeja
spend .spent. spentspend
spentspentmenghabiskan
spill. spilt, spilled. spilt, spilledspill
spilt, spilledspilt, spilledmenumpahkan
spin. spun. spunspin
spunspunmemutar, memusingkan
spit. spat, spit. spat, spit spit
spat, spitspat, spitmeludah
split. split. splitsplit
splitsplitmembagi, membelah
spoil. spoilt, spoiled. spoilt, spoiled spoil
spoilt, spoiledspoilt, spoiledmerusak, memanjakan
spread. spread .spreadspread
spreadspreadmenyebar
spring. sprang. sprungspring
sprangsprungmuncul, meloncat
stand. stood. stoodstand
stoodstoodberdiri
steal. stole. stolensteal
stolestolenmencuri
stick. stuck. stuckstick
stuckstuckmenempelkan
sting. stung. stungsting
stungstungmenyengat
stink. stank, stunk. stunkstink
stank, stunkstunkberbau busuk
stride. strode. striddenstride
strodestriddenmelangkahi
string. strung. strungstring
strungstrungmemasang tali
strive. strove. strivenstrive
strovestrivenberjuang, bekerja keras
swear. swore. swornswear
sworeswornbersumpah
sweep. swept. sweptsweep
sweptsweptmenyapu
swell. swelled. swolled, swelledswell
swelledswolled, swelledmembengkak
swim .swam. swumswim
swamswumberenang
swing. swung. swungswing
swungswungmenganyun
T
take. took. takentake
tooktakenmengambil
teach. taught. taughtteach
taughttaughtmengajar
tear. tore. torntear
toretornmerobek, mencabik
tell. told. toldtell
toldtoldmenceritakan, mengatakan
think .thought. thoughtthink
thoughtthoughtberpikir
thrive. thrived, throve. thrivedthrive
thrived, throvethrivedberkembang
throw. threw. thrownthrow
threwthrownmelempar
thrust. thrust. thrustthrust
thrustthrustmendorong, memasukkan
tread. trod. troddentread
trodtroddenmemijak, menginjak
U
undergo. underwent. undergoneundergo
underwentundergonemenjalani, mengalami
underlie. underlay. underlainunderlie
underlayunderlainmendasari
understand .understood. understoodunderstand
understoodunderstoodmengerti
undertake. undertook. undertakenundertake
undertookundertakenmenjalankan, mengerjakan
undo .undid. undoneundo
undidundone
unwind. unwound. unwoundunwind
unwoundunwoundberistirahat
uphold. upheld .uphelduphold
upheldupheldmenegakkan
upset. upset. upsetupset
upsetupsetmengganggu, mengacaukan
W
wake. woke. wokenwake
wokewokenbangun
wear. wore. wornwear
worewornmemakai
weave. wove, weaved. woven, weavedweave
wove, weavedwoven, weavedmenenun, menganyam
weep. wept. weptweep
weptweptmenangis
wet. wet, wetted. wet, wetted wet
wet, wettedwet, wettedmembasahi
win. won. wonwin
wonwonmenang
wind. wound. woundwind
woundwoundmelilit, mencium
withdraw. withdrew. withdrawnwithdraw
withdrewwithdrawnmanarik diri
withhold. withheld. withheldwithhold
withheldwithheldmeyembunyikan, menahan uang utk membayar
withstand. withstood. withstoodwithstand
withstoodwithstoodmenahan, bertahan
wring. wrung. wrungwring
wrungwrungmemeras
write. wrote. writtenwrite
wrotewrittenmenulis